DINA NOVITA WIJAYANTI

NIM 2003512008

ROMBEL 1 REGULER SEMARANG

 

 The Use of Facebook in Teaching Writing Descriptive Text

of Senior High School Students

 

1.Introduction

English has become a subject in the National curriculum of formal education from elementary up to senior high school in Indonesia. The students are expected to master four language skills. They are listening, reading, writing and speaking. According to Troyka as retrieved in (http://teachingenglishonline.net/definition-of-writingability) states that ”Writing is a way of communicating a message to a reader  for a certain  purpose”. Without having good English writing skill can lead to the  wrong or ambiguous  message. It means that writing plays an important role in human life since it enables us to communicate with others without face to face meeting.

In this case, I find the phenomenon  related to the writing which happens  in senior high school. The problem is the students find difficulties in writing descriptive text. According  to Syafei (2009:8)”Descriptive text is a text that describes a particular person, place or thing”. There are many students still perform poorly  in writing a descriptive text and they are uninterested in writing. They are lacked to practice and the teacher provides less time for teaching writing compared to the other language skills. Moreover , some teachers still use  conventional media in the learning process such as picture and photos. It causes  the students unattractive to join the activities in the class . Based on the reasons above, I want to offer a new media to solve this problem especially in writing descriptive text. By using facebook, I want to help the students to produce a descriptive text. Facebook as media to publish students’ writing is proposed to be integrated in teaching writing. Facebook is chosen because it is very popular among the students so it can encourage the students to write.

I have learned ”Using Facebook to Improve Students’ Achievement in Writing a Descriptive Text at State Senior High School 1 at Karangan, Trenggalek, East Java. It was written by Nurliana(2010) from Malang State University. The result finding of the previous study shows the positive effect of using facebook as media to improve the students’ writing ability in producing descriptive text.

As retrieved in (http://www.techterms.com/definition/facebook), explains that Facebook is a social media web application. Students use facebook  for communicating with others. Facebook users can create and customize  their own profile with photos, video and information about themselves. Each facebook has a “wall” where friends can post comments .If the users don’t want to show their personal messages, they can use inbox, similar to an email message. According to Saikaew et al(2011) ”Facebook is one of the most effective tools in teaching writing because it increases the motivation  of the students to write  by using fun learning media”.

 The use of facebook as media is expected to help students to improve their ability in writing descriptive texts. Based on the explanation above, I am interested  in finding out  the use of facebook to improve the writing descriptive text of Senior High School students.

Thus from the reasons above, I intend to hold a study entitled” The Use of Facebook in Teaching Writing Descriptive Text of Senior High School Students.

2.Objective of the Study

 The objective of the study is:

“To find out whether or not there is any significant difference between the writing descriptive text of Senior High School students  before and after being taught by using facebook”.

3.Review of Related  Literature

3.1 Teaching English in Senior High School

In Senior High School, English is one of the most important subjects of the national examination. Because of the reason, the component that is engaged in the language should be taken seriously in teaching and learning process.

3.1.1 The Purpose of Teaching English in Senior High School

The purpose of teaching English is creating the students who master  four language skills. They are listening, speaking, reading and writing in English  since it becomes the International language that is used to communicate with other people in the world. Moreover, the other purpose of teaching English is to enable the students to comprehend text(genre).

3.1.2 The Material of Teaching English in Senior High School

Every teacher uses teaching materials to fulfill the purpose of teaching learning activities. The materials which are given to the students must be based on the curriculum. According to National Education Department(as cited in Valentina,2011)  “Curriculum is set of plans and rules that contains the purpose, the contents, the material and the principles of teaching process in order to reach certain education goals”. The writing materials of teaching English for senior high school  students are  descriptive, narrative, hortatory exposition, analytical exposition etc.

3.2  Writing is a Language Skill

Writing is one of the important skills that should be mastered by the students in learning English as foreign language. According to Troyka (as cited in http://teachingenglishonline.net/definition-of-writing-abillity) explains that “Writing is a way of communicating a message to a reader for a purpose”. Without having good writing skill can lead to misinformation and ambiguous message. Moreover, bad writing skill makes no one will want to read it.

3.2.1 The Purpose of Writing Skill

Writing skill is a skill that helps the learners to gain independence ,comprehensibility, fluency and creativity in writing(retrieved in http://www.sil.org/lingualinks/referencematerials/glossaryofliteracyterms/whateverwritingskills.htm). If learners have mastered this skill, they will be able to write. The other purpose of writing is not only the writers can  read what they have written, but also other readers can read and understand their writing.

3.2.2 Writing Descriptive Text

Writing ability is the skill to express idea, thought and feelings to other people in written symbols to make other people or readers understand to ideas conveyed(retrieved in http://teachingenglishonline.net/definition-of-writing-ability). Syafei(2009:8) states that ” Descriptive text is a text that describes  particular person, place or thing”. Based on the explanation above, writing descriptive text is the skill to express our idea to describe particular person, place or thing in order to make the readers understand  the ideas conveyed.

3.3 Media

Media is a various means of communication for example television ,radio and newspaper(retrieved in http://www.howtogov/social) . Nowadays media integrates technology, social interaction and content creation to collaboratively connect online information. Through social media people or groups can create, organize ,edit ,comment on, combine and share content to better achieve their mission goals. The social media that are commonly used are facebook,blog,twitter,wikipedia etc. From all kinds of social media, I intend to choose facebook as media to improve the writing descriptive text of senior high school students.

3.4 Facebook

As retrieved (http://www.techterms.com/definition/facebook)  explains that ”Facebook is a social networking website that was originally designed  for college students, but now it is opened  to anyone 13 years old or older”. The key features of facebook are friends, publisher box, homepage, news feed, news ticker ,time online, profile, wall. Facebook users can create and customize their own photos ,video and information about themselves. Each facebook has a ”wall” where friends can post comments. Moreover, if the users want to write personal message, they can send messages through inbox similar with emails.

3.4.1 Facebook as Media of Teaching

Facebook is a media that makes us easy to upload picture, video and send information through wall or inbox. According to Saikew et al(2011) ”Facebook becomes  a supplementary tool for teaching  and learning”. Facebook seems to be one of the most effective  tools or media  because the students generally respond to discussion quickly and they are comfortable  enough in their space  to share their information and opinion”. By using facebook as media of learning, the role of students can be shifted from only receiving knowledge to both searching and sharing their knowledge. Moreover, the interaction with the teachers can become  more instant since the teachers and the students can respond quickly via facebook.

 3.4.2 The Implementation of Facebook in Teaching Writing Descriptive Text

According to Budiardi and Anggraeni(2012:1)”Facebook is a new innovation  in teaching writing in which  the teacher uses it as media of teaching”. The implementation  of facebook as  media of teaching  is as follows:

  1. The teacher explains about the descriptive text and its generic structure.
  2. The students are divided into some groups.
  3. The teacher makes facebook group and let the students in each group to join it. In facebook group , the teacher uploads a picture and asks the students to make descriptive texts based on the picture and clue  given.
  4. The members in their own group upload their works in facebook group.
  5. Doing peer evaluation by giving comments.
  6. Finally, the member of the group corrects the work based on the other friends’ comments in his or her own group. In this case, the teacher also guides the students.

3.4.3 The Advantages of Facebook

According to Munoz and Towner (as cited in Yunus (2012:1)) there are many advantages of using facebook in teaching. They are as follows

  1. Facebook assists the teacher to connect and respond the discussion quickly with their students outside of the classroom,
  2.  If the students find difficulties , they can ask directly to the teacher by sending wall or message in inbox.
  3.  Teacher and students feel comfortable in their space to share their information and opinion and easy to use.
  4. Students’ role can be shifted from only receiving knowledge to both  searching and sharing their knowledge(students centered learning).
  5. It can increase the students’ motivation and build confidence in learning writing.

3.4.4 The Formulation of Hypothesis

The formulation of hypothesis is ”There is a significant difference between the writing descriptive text of the Senior High School students before and after being taught by using facebook”.

 4. Analysis

There are strengths, weaknesses, advantages and disadvantages that are faced in doing the study” The Use of Facebook in Teaching Writing Descriptive Text  of Senior High School Students”.

4.1 The Strengths and the Advantages of the Use of Facebook in Teaching Writing Descriptive Text  of Senior High School Students are as follows:

  1. The facebook assists the teachers to connect with their  students outside the classroom and discuss the assignment.
  2. Facebook can increase the motivation of the students ability in writing descriptive text because there are interesting applications in facebook such as completing with picture, video ,links etc
  3. The students can ask whenever they want to, because they  can use facebook for 24 hours in a day.
  4. Students’ role can be shifted from only receiving knowledge to both searching and sharing their knowledge(students centered learning).
  5. By facebook, the students can build their confidence in learning writing.
  6. Facebook is easy and comfort to use.
  7. Students can get enough input from facebook and the teacher’s notes can be viewed with chronological order.

4.2 The Weaknesses and Disadvantages of the Use of Facebook in Teaching Writing Descriptive Text  of  Senior High School Students are as follows:

  1. It is time consuming.
  1. The students must have access to computer and internet. Hence, when technology is not reliable  or the internet is not available the students will find difficulties.
  2. The relationship between teacher and students can somehow be tricky in facebook.
  3. It is too open to public
  4. Sometimes, it disturbs personal space

Based on the explanation, I infer that the use of facebook in teaching writing descriptive text of  Senior High School students gives more positive effects rather than negative ones.

5. Summary and Recommendations

5.1 Summary

English has become  a subject  in National Curriculum of formal education from elementary to Senior High School in Indonesia. So English teacher should be able to create the enjoyable learning activities or learning with fun. While for the students are expected to master  four language skills. They are listening, reading, writing and speaking,. Writing is one of the language skills that plays an important role in human life since it enables us to communicate with others especially those who are not present. Without good writing skill can lead to wrong or ambiguous message. In this case, I find the phenomena  related to the writing which happens to Senior High school students. The problem is that the students find difficulties in writing descriptive text. There are many students still perform poorly  in writing a descriptive text and they are uninterested in writing. They are lacked  to practice and the teacher provides less time for teaching writing compared to the other language skills. Moreover , some teachers still used  conventional media in the learning process such as picture and photos. It causes  the students uninterested to join the activities in the class . Based on the reason above, I want to offer a new media to overcome this problem especially in writing descriptive text. By using facebook, I want to help the students in producing descriptive text. Facebook as media to publish students’ writing is proposed to be integrated in teaching writing. Facebook is chosen because it is very popular among the students .So, it can encourage the students to write.

The previous study”Using Facebook to Improve Students’ Achievement in Writing a Descriptive Text at State Senior High Scholl 1 at Karangan, Trenggalek, East Java.It was written by Nurliana(2010) from Malang State University. The result finding of the previous study shows the positive effect of using facebook as media to improve the students’ writing ability in producing descriptive text. There are many advantages of facebook such as the students can respond to the discussion quickly, facebook in learning also helps the students not only for receiving the information but also both searching and sharing. Although  there are  weaknesses in using facebook as media of teaching but it can be anticipated  by some solutions such as to avoid of disturbing personal space, the students must control their behavior.

At last, I would like to suggest the teacher of ICT in language learning ,the English teacher, students, readers and other researchers to use facebook as media in teaching writing because it gives more  positive effects than negative ones.

 

5.2Recommendation

Based on the result of the study, I would like to give suggestion to:

1.      The teacher of ICT in language learning

a)    The teacher should utilize Facebook as a media to publish students’ composition in teaching writing.

b)   The teacher should explore the integration of facebook and other social sites(Twitter, Skype, Myspace) in teaching writing.

c)    The teacher should use facebook to increase the students’ ability in other language skills such as listening because facebook is also completed with video application (upload you tube).

2.      English teacher

The teacher has to explore more attractive teaching media  to help him in teaching writing since writing is quite difficult for students because they have limited practice in their daily life. By having interesting media , the teacher will be easier in conducting an attractive teaching and learning process.

3.      Students

The students have to be more confident, fluent, and creative in expressing their ideas through writing via facebook.

4.      Readers

They can add their knowledge and get new information about facebook as media in teaching writing.

5.      The Other Researchers

They should explore the integration of facebook and other social sites(twitter,skype,myspace etc)in teaching of writing.

 

Bibliography

Budiardi, Alfian Cahyo and Anggraeni, Baity.(2012). Facebook Based Writing Learning as an Innovation Media in Writing Class for Teaching English as Foreign Language of International Conference ICT In Language Learning 5th edition.Malang:University of Muhammadiyah Malang.

Definition of  Facebook. available at http://www.techterms.com/definition/facebook(July 2010)

Definition of  Writing Ability. available at http://teachingenglishonline.net/definition-of-writing-ability/html(12 April 2010)

Nurliana, Yerita.(2010).Using Facebook to Improve Students’ Achievement in Writing a Descriptive Text as State Senior High School 1 at Karangan Trenggalek, East Java. Skripsi is published. Malang:Letters Faculty of Malang State University.

Saikaew et al.(2011).Using Facebook as a Supplementary Tool for Teaching and Learning.Skripsi is published.Thailand: Engineering Faculty of Khon Kaen University.

Syafei, Muh.(2009). Academic Writing I.Kudus:The Faculty of Teacher Training and Education of  Muria Kudus University.

Valentina, Yusnia Srana.(2011). The Reading Comprehension of the Eleventh Year Students of SMA N 1 Bae Kudus in the Academic Year 2010/2011 Taught by Using Facebook.Skripsi is not published.Kudus:Teacher Training and Education Faculty of Muria Kudus University.

What are writing skills.available at http://www.sil.org/lingualinks/literacy/referencematerials/glossaryofliteracyterms/whatarewritingskills.html (12 March 2011)

What is Media.available at (http://www.howtogov/social-media/social-media-types) (10 August 2011)

 Yunus, Melor.(2012). Integrating Social Networking Tools into ESL Writing Classroom: Strength and Weaknesses.Skripsi is published.Malaysia:Education Faculty of Malaysia Kebangsaan University.

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